BaghdadRepublic of Iraq
Member of the LHC since 1997
Founded in AD762 by Abu Jafar al Mansur, the city of Baghdad was originally built on the west bank of the Tigris River. Circular Walls enclosed the city and although its original name was Madinat al Salam ( City of Peace ), it was more popularly known as the Round City. At the city's center were the caliph's palace and the grand mosque. November 15th is designated as Day of Baghdad. Festival is held on this day to celebrate the anniversary of establishment of the city.