GizaArab Republic of Egypt
Member of the LHC since 2014
Giza is a plateau southwest of modern Cairo which served as the necropolis for the royalty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. Most famous for the pyramids of Khufu (completed in 2550 BCE), Khafre (2520 BCE), Menkaure (2490 BCE) and the Great Sphinx (built 2500 BCE), recent excavations on the plateau have revealed numerous private tomb complexes and workers' quarters. GIZA is the third-largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, some 20 km southwest of central Cairo. Giza's population is 8 million. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location in respect to Memphis, the ancient capital. "Mn Nefer" (Memphis, in Greek)—which means "the beautiful wall" in the ancient Egyptian language—was the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state since the days of Pharaoh Narmer.